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Mosquito sex and mycobiota contribute to fructose metabolism in the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus

Abstract : Plant floral nectars contain natural sugars such as fructose, which are a primary energy resource for adult mosquitoes. Despite the importance of carbohydrates for mosquito metabolism, a limited knowledge is available about the pathways involved in sugar assimilation by mosquitoes and their associated microbiota. To this end, we used 13 C-metabolomic and stable isotope probing approaches coupled to high-throughput sequencing to reveal fructose-related mosquito metabolic pathways and the dynamics of the active gut microbiota following fructose ingestion. Results Our results revealed significant differences in metabolic pathways between males and females, highlighting different modes of central carbon metabolism regulation. Competitive and synergistic interactions of diverse fungal taxa were identified within the active mycobiota following fructose ingestion. In addition, we identified potential cross-feeding interactions between this. Interestingly, there is a strong correlation between several active fungal taxa and the presence of fructose-derived metabolites. Conclusions Altogether, our results provide novel insights into mosquito carbohydrate metabolism and demonstrate that dietary fructose as it relates to mosquito sex is an important determinant of mosquito metabolism; our results also further highlight the key role of active mycobiota interactions in regulating the process of fructose assimilation in mosquitoes. This study opens new avenues for future research on mosquito-microbiota trophic interactions related to plant nectar-derived sugars. Graphical Abstract
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03788426
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Soumis le : mardi 27 septembre 2022 - 09:42:46
Dernière modification le : lundi 5 décembre 2022 - 14:32:08

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2022_Guégan_Microbiome.pdf
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Distributed under a Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International License

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Morgane Guégan, Edwige Martin, Van Tran Van, Benjamin Fel, Anne-Emmanuelle Hay, et al.. Mosquito sex and mycobiota contribute to fructose metabolism in the Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus. Microbiome, 2022, 10 (1), pp.138. ⟨10.1186/s40168-022-01325-9⟩. ⟨hal-03788426⟩

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